Accessed November 13, Mexico City Cortes Aztec Montezuma However, those two years at Salamancaplus his long period of training and experience as a notary, first in Valladolid and later in Hispaniolagave him knowledge of the legal codes of Castile that he applied to help justify his unauthorized conquest of Mexico.
The Tlaxcaltecas attacked his troops, but Spanish crossbows, broadswords, battle axes, horses, war dogs and firearms quickly won the battle. Had the Government declared him innocent, it would have greatly increased his popularity.
We, respecting the many labors, dangers, and adventures which you underwent as stated above, and so that there might remain a perpetual memorial of you and your services and that you and your descendants might be more fully honored The proclamation of the king says in part: For reasons separate for each, the dominant European powers desired to expand their reign beyond Europe.
By the early s, he owned 20 silver mines in Sultepec12 in Taxcoand 3 in Zacualpan. Historians who study the letter are then able to understand how slavery of the native population was seen to be justified by the Christians as they developed the idea that the indigenous population was just pagan savages.
The conqueror himself was said to have met the friars as they approached the capital, kneeling at the feet of the friars who had walked from the coast. The execution eventually had to be carried on by Tlaxcallan soldiers. Meanwhile, other Aztec nobles were in dismay at the royal submissive attitude and planned a successful, but temporary, rebellion which resulted in driving Cortes and his allies out of Tenochtitlan.
Painting reproduced in the book America R. At this time it is believed that the city was one of the largest in the world; in Europe, only Constantinople was larger. By the time he arrived in Tenochtitlan the Spaniards had a large army. In Julyhis men took over Veracruz.
One of these was the woman whom Cortes called Dona Marina, sometimes called " La Malinche ," later made legendary in book and film even if she was not, as conquistador Bernal Diaz del Castillo wrote in his account "The True History of the Conquest of New Spain," an Aztec princess sold into Mayan slavery.
Silence was the only safe policy, but that silence is suggestive that grave danger was feared from his influence. On one occasion he forced his way through a crowd that surrounded the emperor's carriage, and mounted on the footstep.
While Quetzalcoatl was a mythic god whom the Mexica saw as a tie to the earlier Toltec peoples from whom they claimed descent, there is little evidence supporting a Pre-Hispanic myth alleging his "return. They should bring the most extensive powers Your Majesty is able to obtain, for, because these lands are so far from the Church of Rome, and we, the Christians who now reside here and shall do so in the future, are so far from the proper remedies of our consciences and, as we are human, so subject to sin, it is essential that His Holiness should be generous with us and grant to these persons most extensive powers, to be handed down to persons actually in residence here whether it be given to the general of each order or to his provincials.
Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Three years later due to the space being required by the duke, his body was moved to the altar of Santa Catarina in the same church. He also purchased cotton armour, seeing how much more effective than chain mail it was against Indian arrows.
There was a public ceremony and all the churches in the city rang their bells. If these people [Indians] were now to see the affairs of the Church and the service of God in the hands of canons or other dignitaries, and saw them indulge in the vices and profanities now common in Spain, knowing that such men were the ministers of God, it would bring our Faith into much harm that I believe any further preaching would be of no avail.
Estrada sent Diego de Figueroa to the south. He stopped in Trinidad, Cubato hire more soldiers and obtain more horses. Just over a decade later the colony of Plymouth was founded on what is now known as Cape Cod, Massachusetts.
The primary intended audience was Charles V to in an attempt to gain support from him to have authority over the territory of New Spain. The proceedings of the investigation were kept secret.
It had the opposite effect. This resulted in him fighting the battle at Cempoala. He kept his explorations and eventually was the first European to set foot on the lower california.
This document does have a bias within the documentation, but it provides a first-person account about the lifestyle and structure of the Aztec society. Through this captain, God opened the door for us to preach his holy gospel and it was he who caused the Indians to revere the holy sacraments and respect the ministers of the church.
Even his attempt to justify his conquest of the Mexican mainland — a right held by the governor of Cuba — through the founding of Veracruz and an appeal directly to Emperor Charles V had been used by other conquistadors interested in usurping the right of conquest.
Cannons did the rest. Your Majesty should likewise beseech His Holiness [the pope] to grant these powers to the two principal persons in the religious orders that are to come here, and that they should be his delegates, one from the Order of St.Hernán Cortés Critical Essays.
Cortés's letters to Charles V provide a detailed account of his activities in Mexico from to The second letter describes events from the war.
Hernan Cortes. From Academic Kids.
Through his mother, he was second cousin to Francisco Pizarro, By establishing a municipality, he could "reluctantly" proceed to claim land for King Charles V of Spain by popular mandate of the city magistrates he had appointed.
In March ofCortes claimed the land for the Spanish Crown (Charles V). [tags: Hernan Cortes, Government, Mexico, ] Better Essays words In this essay I am going to give a brief overview about the Aztecs and then talk about the factors that led to the fall of this empire.
The second and third letters are much more reliable. The Second Letter of Henan Cortes to Charles V Essay Document Analysis: The Second Letter of Henan Cortés to Charles V The Second letters to Charles V were written by Hernan Cortés of Spain in.
Document Analysis: The Second Letter of Henan Cortés to Charles V The Second letters to Charles V were written by Hernan Cortés of Spain in The letters were sent to Charles V to justify Cortés actions of attacking the Aztec 's against his superiors order.
The first letter, dated Julyhas never been found. The second and third letters were published in Seville (in and ), and the fourth in Toledo in The fifth letter remained unpublished until Shown here is the second letter, from Segura de la Sierra, dated October 30,Download